Edward Randolph’s Report of King Philip’s War in New England, 1675

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Edward Randolph’s Report of King Philip’s War in New England, 1675


King Philip, War, Chief Metacom, Metacomet


The letter written by Edward Randolph is a report to make clear misunderstandings or misinformation which explains possible causes for the King Philip’s war. King Philip’s war or Metacom’s War took place in the New England colonies between 1675 and 1676. The war was a result of growing tensions between the English colonists and Wampanoag tribe over cultural differences of religion, protection against rival native tribes, colonists’ invasion of Wampanoag land, and difficult trade alliances. Violent conflict first began after three Wampanoag were put on trial and executed for the murder of John Sassamon, a Praying Indian who served as an interpreter and translator between the two cultures. Natives murder colonists and burn their homes, villages, and towns. By the end of the bloody war over 3,000 Wampanoag and their allied tribes were killed alongside 1,000 colonists and native allies were killed. Countless homes and cities on both side were destroyed as well as the loss of property and disruption of trade. In Randolph’s letter he explanations for growing hostilities and identifies that much of the blame should fall on the English.


Edward Randolph


University of Memphis




The Smithsonian Institution


The Smithsonian Institution



Edward Randolph, “Edward Randolph’s Report of King Philip’s War in New England, 1675,” Early North America, accessed October 13, 2019, https://hist4620.omeka.net/items/show/6.

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